Analysis on the return of American high-tech manuf

2022-08-01
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Recently, Apple CEO Tim Cook said in an interview with American media that Apple intends to transfer some of its product production lines in China back to the United States. Starting next year, some of the company's Macs will be produced only in the United States

Apple's move is not unique. It has reached the extreme with the emergence of the so-called "nano layer" structure with 33 or more layers. This is another high-tech manufacturing giant that plans to set up new production lines in the United States in the short term after HP and LG Chemical

"it is often clear that the purpose of" moving some production lines inward "by well-known American enterprises is not to consume a lot of petrochemical energy in the production process. They try to create more jobs by increasing the layout of domestic production lines, so as to alleviate the high unemployment rate in the United States. This is a practice in line with the ruling philosophy of the Obama administration." Xueshengwen, senior researcher of CIC consultants, said in an interview

the reason why the United States is eager to regain the high-end manufacturing industry is that the United States is trying to maintain its global leading position in manufacturing technology through the implementation of "Reindustrialization"

with the transfer of manufacturing, the expertise closely related to manufacturing also "immigrated" from developed countries to manufacturing places, and evolved to a higher level than the origin

"at present, the trend of high-tech manufacturing returning to the United States will indeed become more and more intense." Anbang consulting researcher Liu Xiao said to. In addition, according to a survey conducted by American consulting firm Essen, which continuously launched a 10000 ton or 20000 ton capacity survey at regular intervals, about 61% of the North American manufacturing managers interviewed said that they were considering moving their manufacturing capacity back to the United States to better match supply and demand

in this context, will China's manufacturing industry be impacted? "In the short term, it may have little impact. Because this' Reindustrialization 'mainly focuses on precision manufacturing and is misaligned with manufacturing in China. However, considering that manufacturing in China will also be upgraded to the upper reaches of the industrial chain, the two will compete head-on at that time, which is a great pressure for Chinese manufacturing enterprises." Liu Xiao said

xueshengwen believes that in the short term, the return of high-tech manufacturing to the United States will reduce the jobs provided in China, and the living conditions of domestic OEM enterprises will be greatly impacted; In the long run, the high-tech manufacturing industry will not shift its focus to the United States. The improvement of the overall strength of China's manufacturing industry will have a certain impact on American manufacturing. China's status as a "world factory" is gradually changing

however, these particles can be used to produce a variety of products, including hemodialysis hoses, blood bags, endotracheal tubes and oxygen masks. The reality may be more brutal for China's manufacturing industry. Before, some European and American countries pushed for the revival of manufacturing industry to occupy the high-end of the industrial chain and control advanced technology. Later, Southeast Asian and African countries set off a wave of industrialization with low-cost production advantages. China's manufacturing industry will face a double attack

"in the long run, made in China must realize transformation and upgrading and follow the innovation driven route. However, in the short term, considering the factors such as output, industrial chain and skilled workers, made in China still has a certain stickiness. But this is only a buffer, and the pressure on made in China will be increasing." Liu Xiao said

in addition, according to xueshengwen, the domestic manufacturing industry has accumulated a lot of technology research and development experience in the early stage. It should develop its own brands in time, cultivate the domestic market, and get rid of the constraints brought about by low-end manufacturing as soon as possible

obviously, how to survive in the cracks has become a difficult problem we have to face. Yetan, a financial commentator, believes that China must take the opportunity of global industrial transfer to occupy a place in the field of mid-range manufacturing and embed it in the global industrial chain, which is the future of made in China

in this regard, xueshengwen said that made in China has been used to wandering in low value-added fields, and it is difficult to get involved in medium and high-end fields. With the continuous refinement of the international industrial division of labor, China must continue to strengthen the improvement and upgrading of the industrial chain. The middle end and high-end are the key fields for domestic manufacturing enterprises. The whole industrial chain operation has appeared many times in domestic large enterprises

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